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  • Writer's pictureNavodi Kuruppu

COP: 3 ways the Conference of Parties is Fighting Climate Change

In just a few months, the 28th session of the Conference of Parties (COP) will convene in the United Arab Emirates, bringing together nations from around the world to tackle one of the most pressing challenges of our time: climate change. But what exactly is COP, and how is it making a real impact? Let's explore three compelling ways in which COP is driving positive change.

1. Consistency in Time and Place: Uniting Hearts and Minds

COP's annual gathering is a beacon of hope amidst the turmoil of our changing world. Each year, leaders and experts from around the world come together to share new ideas, review past efforts, and chart a course for the future. This consistent meeting of minds provides a powerful platform for progress. By switching locations every year, COP ensures that every country has a voice and a chance to share its unique challenges and innovative solutions. From Sub-Saharan Africa's battle against climate-induced hardships to the urban struggles of developed megacities, COP embraces the diversity of our planet and recognises that united action is the key to a sustainable future.

For example, at COP26 in Glasgow in 2021, more than 190 countries agreed to a historic deal to phase down coal, reduce methane emissions, and accelerate the transition to clean energy. This agreement was a major step forward in the fight against climate change, and it would not have been possible without the consistent work of COP.

2. Crafting Agreements: Paving the Way for Global Cooperation

COP's influence can be seen in the landmark agreements it has fostered. These agreements, such as the Kyoto Protocol, the Paris Agreement, and the Cancun Agreements, embody the spirit of international collaboration. They bind nations together in a shared commitment to combat climate change, protect vulnerable communities, and safeguard precious ecosystems. What sets these agreements apart is their legal enforceability, holding countries accountable for their promises. Moreover, they are designed with flexibility in mind, recognising that different countries face distinct challenges. Through these agreements, COP builds bridges and lays the foundation for collaborative action on a global scale.

The Paris Agreement, in particular, is a major achievement of COP. This agreement, which was adopted in 2015, sets out a global goal of limiting warming to well below 2 degrees Celsius, preferably to 1.5 degrees Celsius, compared to pre-industrial levels. The Paris Agreement is the first truly global agreement on climate change, and it has been ratified by 197 countries.

3. Inspiring and Engaging the World: From Conference Halls to Communities

COP is not confined to closed conference rooms; it strives to reach the hearts and minds of people worldwide. Media coverage plays a crucial role in amplifying COP's message, spreading awareness of the latest findings and policy developments related to climate change. But COP goes beyond that. It creates opportunities for the public to get involved, igniting a sense of collective responsibility. From captivating exhibitions to interactive events, COP opens doors for individuals to join the movement, take action, and make a difference. By fostering this connection between global conferences and local communities, COP empowers us all to become catalysts for change.

One example of how COP has inspired and engaged the world is the Youth Climate Summit. This event, which is held alongside each COP, brings together young people from around the world to share their ideas and solutions to climate change. The Youth Climate Summit has been a powerful platform for young people to make their voices heard, and it has helped to raise awareness of the climate crisis among a new generation of leaders.


While COP faces challenges, including concerns of greenwashing and elitism, its impact cannot be denied. Through its consistent meetings, landmark agreements, and engagement with the wider world, COP is driving real progress in our collective fight against climate change. As we look to the future, let us hope that the upcoming COP will bring us closer to the ultimate objective of a sustainable world envisioned in the Agenda 2030. Together, we can build a future where harmony between humanity and the environment prevails.

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